Religion and Community Cohesion

To have successfully revised for this topic you need to know the following:

  • How and why attitudes to the roles of men and women have changed in the UK. 
  • Different Christian attitudes to equal rights for women in religion and the reasons for them. 
  • Different attitudes to equal rights for women in religion in one religion other than Christianity and the reasons for them. 
  • The nature of the UK as a multi-ethnic society, including the problems of discrimination and racism. 
  • Government action to promote community cohesion in the UK, including legislation on equal rights for ethnic minorities and religions. 
  • Why Christians should help to promote racial harmony. 
  • Why the followers of one religion other than Christianity should help to promote racial harmony. 
  • The UK as a multi-faith society, including the benefits of living in a multi-faith society. 
  • Issues raised for religion by a multi-faith society — conversion, bringing up children, interfaith marriages.  
  • Ways in which religions work to promote community cohesion in the UK. 
  • How an issue arising from religion and community cohesion has been presented in one form of the media, for example in a television or radio programme, or in a film, or in the national press; including whether the treatment was fair to religious beliefs and religious people.

Required keywords:

  • community cohesion
  • discrimination
  • ethnic minority
  • Inter-faith marriages
  • multi-ethnic society
  • multi-faith society
  • prejudice
  • racial harmony
  • racism
  • religious pluralism
  • sexism

Take a definitions spin quiz:


B questions

Give two reasons for your opinion

  • Do you think men and women's roles have changed?
  • Do you think women should have equal rights in Christianity?
  • Do you think women should have the same religious rights as men?
  • Do you think discrimination causes problems in society?
  • Do you think racism is a problem in the UK?
  • Do you think all Christians must work for racial harmony?
  • Do you think Muslims should promote racial harmony?
  • Do you think there are benefits to living in a multi-faith society?
  • Do you think multi-faith societies cause problems for religious people?
  • Do you think religions should encourage community cohesion?
  • Do you think the media are fair to religion and religious beliefs?

C questions

  • Explain why Christians believe in racial harmony.
  • Explain different attitudes to the role of women in one religion other than Christianity.
  • Explain why the roles of men and women have changed in the UK.
  • Explain why some Christians do not accept that women should have equal rights in religion.
  • Explain some Muslims believe in equal religious rights for men and women. 
  • Explain why discrimination causes problems in the UK.
  • Explain why discrimination and racism are a problem in the UK.
  • Explain why Christians should support racial harmony.
  • Explain why Muslims should promote racial harmony.
  • Explain the benefits of living in a multi-faith society.
  • Explain why living in a multi-faith society might cause problems for religious people.
  • Explain how religions work for community cohesion.
  • Explain how the media show an issue from religious and community cohesion.

D questions

  • “Christians should do more to promote community cohesion in the UK”
  • "Men have the same role as women in the UK."
  • "Women should have the same rights as men in religion."
  • "Women should not have the same religious rights as men."
  • "Education cannot end the problem of racism."
  • "Government action alone cannot achieve community cohesion."
  • "If everyone were religious racism would not exist."
  • "Multi-faith societies are good for people."
  • "Living in a multi-faith society always causes problems for religious people."
  • "Religions should not work for community cohesion."
  • "The media are not fair to religion and religious beliefs."

In your answer you should refer to at least one religion.
(i) Do you agree? Give reasons for your opinion.(3)
(ii) Give reasons why some people may disagree with you.(3)


Previous lesson materials

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