Religion: rights and responsibilities

To have successfully revised for this topic you need to know the following:

  • Why some Christians use only the Bible as a basis for making moral decisions. 
  • The authority of the Church for Christians and why some Christians use only the Church’s teachings as a basis for making moral decisions. 
  • The role of conscience and why some Christians believe conscience is the most important guide in making moral decisions. 
  • Situation Ethics and why some Christians use only Situation Ethics as a guide for making moral decisions. 
  • Why some Christians use a variety of authorities in making moral decisions. 
  • Human rights in the UK. 
  • Why human rights are important for Christians. 
  • Why it is important to take part in democratic and electoral processes. 
  • Christian teachings on moral duties and responsibilities: the Golden Rule (Matthew 7:12), the Parable of the Sheep and the Goats (Matthew 25:31-46), Am I my brother’s keeper? (Genesis 4:1-10, 1 John 3:11-18). 
  • The nature of genetic engineering, including cloning.
  • Different attitudes to genetic engineering and cloning in Christianity and the reasons for them.

Required keywords:

  • Bible
  • Church
  • Conscience
  • the Decalogue
  • democratic processes
  • electoral processes
  • the Golden Rule   
  • human rights
  • political party    
  • pressure group
  • Situation Ethics
  • social change

Take a definitions spin quiz:


B questions

Give two reasons for your opinion

  • Do you think that everyone deserves the same human rights?
  • Do you think that we should ‘love’ everyone?

C questions

  • Explain why some Christians use a variety of authorities in making moral decisions.
  • Explain why some Christians believe conscience is the most important guide in making moral decisions.
  • Explain why some Christians use only Situation Ethics as a guide for making moral decisions.
  • Explain why some Christians use only the Bible as a basis for making moral decisions

D questions

  • "Christians should always use Situation Ethics"
  • "Christians should use a variety of authorities when making moral decisions."
  • "Not everyone deserves human rights." 
  • "It does not matter whether a person votes." 
  • "Everyone should agree with cloning."
  • "Genetic engineering should be accepted by all Christians."
  • "Religious people should care for other people."
  • "It does not matter whether a person votes."
  • In your answer you should refer to at least one religion.

(i) Do you agree? Give reasons for your opinion.(3)
(ii) Give reasons why some people may disagree with you.(3)


Previous lesson materials

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